Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the adenoids, small masses of tissue located in the upper throat behind the nose. The following are common indications for adenoidectomy:
Adenoid tissue, which is located in the back of the nose, is similar to tonsil tissue. The adenoids are part of the immune system, but contrary to common belief, they do not serve as a “filter” for disease. Although the exact function of the adenoid is unknown, it is thought to be important only in very young children while their immune systems are still developing. Studies have shown consistently that children who have had their adenoids removed experience no ill effects.
Like the tonsils, the adenoids can become chronically infected and be a cause of recurrent ear and sinus infections. Adenoid tissue can also become enlarged, resulting in nasal obstruction. Adenoidectomy is typically recommended for three conditions: recurrent ear infections, recurrent sinus infections and nasal obstruction. The goal of the adenoidectomy is to make your child healthier.
Overall, adenoidectomy is a very safe procedure with few, if any,problems. The most common issue following adenoidectomy is discomfort. Children usually experience mild ear
pain, neck pain or headache as opposed to sore throat. Typically this pain will last for a couple of days and is relieved with Motrin or Advil, generic ibuprofen or Tylenol (acetaminophen). Occasionally, narcotic pain medication may be prescribed for the discomfort.
Adenoids are present at birth. They grow until a child is between the ages of 3 and 5. Normally, they begin to shrink after around age 7. They shrink considerably in adulthood.
They’re located in the passage that connects the back of the nasal cavity to the throat. They produce antibodies to help your body fight off infections. During the early years, adenoids help protect infants from infection by trapping bacteria and viruses that enter the body through the nose.
Adenoids that become infected usually become enlarged, but return to their normal size when the infection subsides. However, in some instances, the adenoids remain enlarged even after the infection is gone.
Enlarged adenoids can also be caused by allergies. Some children have enlarged adenoids from birth.
It’s common for children to have enlarged adenoids. Be sure to have your child examined as soon as possible if you notice that they are experiencing any of the symptoms of enlarged adenoids. Enlarged adenoids are a very treatable condition, and some cases can be treated with a simple antibiotic.